From Slum To Luxury Apartments At St Saviour’s Dock

St Staviour's Dock
View of St Saviour's Dock London

In this blog I continue my series of explorations of areas of London. This time I look at St Saviour’s Dock.

From Slum to Luxury Apartments At St Saviour’s Dock

Where Is St Saviour’s Dock?

St Saviour's Dock
St Saviour’s Dock Bermondsey

St Saviour’s Dock sits at the point at which the River Neckinger (a subterranean river) meets the River Thames. It is on the South Bank of the Thames 420 metres east of Tower Bridge.  You can walk along the bank of the River Thames from Tower Bridge, past Butler’s Wharf to St Saviour’s Dock. It forms part of Shad Thames. The East Side of the Dock is known as Jacob’s Island.

I had never heard of the River Neckinger before researching this blog. I just assumed everything in this area of London was linked by the River Thames.

According to London Remembers, the river was given the name ‘Neckinger’ from the London slang for the noose used to execute pirates – the ‘Devil’s Neckinger’ or ‘Neckerchief’.  More about pirates later in the blog.

The History of St Saviour’s Dock

St Staviour's Dock
View of St Saviour’s Dock London

It All Started With Monks

Monks created St Saviour’s Dock. Well, that is according to ‘Exploring Southwark‘.

Bermondsey Abbey, dedicated to St Saviour, was built in 1082. It was a part of the French Abbey at Cluny. The monks of the Abbey were forward thinking sort of chaps and reclaimed and drained the land around the outflow of the Neckinger. At the same time they were  embanking and enlarging the main outflow to form St Saviour’s Dock. They built a windmill next to it for grinding corn powered by the ebb and flow of the tidal Thames. The Abbey closed at the time of the Dissolution of Monasteries and was handed over to Henry VII in 1539.

The Docks in Full Swing

Then followed 200 years of intense activity, with the River Thames allowing the transportation of both raw materials and finished goods. It was particularly popular for processing food. Which must have been at great odds with the other big industry – tanning. The docks were so popular that ships could wait for days in order to gain entry and were ripe pickings for pirates (I told you we would come back to them).

Tanning leather was a particularly smelly affair back then. Banned from inside the City of London, this area of Bermondsey became ‘tanning central’, using the water from the River Neckinger for part of the process. The other part involved using urine and dog’s faeces – can you imagine the smell??? Probably best not to.

Decline and Regeneration

St Saviour’s Docks declined and ditches became filled with waste from the manufacturing process.

By the 19th Century Jacob’s Island became a notorious slum. This was mentioned in Charles Dicken’s Oliver Twist with parts of the novel set in Shad Thames.

In the early 1850s the area was cleared and has gradually since been redeveloped.  So much so that in 1981 St Saviour’s Docks was the first of the London Docklands to be converted into luxury living accommodation.

Walking Around St Saviour’s Dock

St Saviour's Dock
Lock At Entrance to St Saviour’s Dock London

While there is lots of history at St Saviour’s Dock it is difficult to imagine what it would have been like as a working dock. Although it covers a large area, you almost stumble upon it as you come along the bank of the Thames. You round the corner of a building and this wonderful view is laid out before you.

The first thing I did was walk across the hydraulic cable stay swing bridge that allows an uninterrupted walk (or jog!) on the Thames Path. The bridge is very impressive.

The views of St Saviour’s Docks are spectacular with many original features retained on the buildings including a number of the docking cranes. I did actually wonder if they were still in use today. I am thinking of the Netherlands where goods arrive on canals and are transported up to upper floor rooms by a pulley system. It is a nice thought.

Walking beyond New Concordia Wharf at the entrance to the docks there are a number of colorful houseboats at Reed Wharf which is quite a contrast to the sober look of the St Saviour’s Docks itself. It  is certainly an interesting and impressive area to walk around, particularly with a camera.

St Saviour's Dock
Outside St Saviour’s Dock London

All of the images in my blog today are available to buy as prints, just click on the image to be taken to a purchase page with more information.

Before you go

Mid-week Reflections
Dorothy and Barnet Boy

My name is Dorothy Berry-Lound an artist and writer. You can find out more about my art and writing at

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Thank you for reading!

About Dorothy Berry-Lound 371 Articles
I am having fun living half way up a mountain in Central Italy with my husband Barnet Boy, Stevie Mouse and the rest of my fur family. I am enjoying creating art that people will love having on their walls. I also love storytelling through my blog and short stories.


  1. Thanks Jennifer – it is fun researching the background to the images I create from my photos. I wander around taking photos of things that interest me. Sometimes the story is obvious, sometimes you have to dig a bit. But yeah, the tanning process, double yuck!

  2. Thanks Lois. I come from a background of writing huge research reports. My biggest problem is keeping these blogs to a reasonable length because there is so much more that I could write about when I have researched the subject LOL.

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